Effective Dose Estimation in Fast-kV Switch Dual Energy Computed Tomography
The objective of our study was to test a new approach to approximating organ dose by using the effective energy of the combined 80kV/140kV beam used in fast kV switch dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT). The two primary focuses of the study were to first validate experimentally the dose equivalency between MOSFET and ion chamber (as a gold standard) in a fast kV switch DE environment, and secondly to estimate effective dose (ED) of DECT scans using MOSFET detectors and an anthropomorphic phantom.
Materials and Methods
A GE Discovery 750 CT scanner was employed using a fast-kV switch abdomen/pelvis protocol alternating between 80 kV and 140 kV. The specific aims of our study were to (1) Characterize the effective energy of the dual energy environment; (2) Estimate the f-factor for soft tissue; (3) Calibrate the MOSFET detectors using a beam with effective energy equal to the combined DE environment; (4) Validate our calibration by using MOSFET detectors and ion chamber to measure dose at the center of a CTDI body phantom; (5) Measure ED for an abdomen/pelvis scan using an anthropomorphic phantom and applying ICRP 103 tissue weighting factors; and (6) Estimate ED using AAPM Dose Length Product (DLP) method. The effective energy of the combined beam was calculated by measuring dose with an ion chamber under varying thicknesses of aluminum to determine half-value layer (HVL).
The effective energy of the combined dual-energy beams was found to be 42.8 kV. After calibration, tissue dose in the center of the CTDI body phantom was measured at 1.71 ± 0.01 cGy using an ion chamber, and 1.73±0.04 and 1.69±0.09 using two separate MOSFET detectors. This result showed a -0.93% and 1.40 % difference, respectively, between ion chamber and MOSFET. ED from the dual-energy scan was calculated as 16.49 ± 0.04 mSv by the MOSFET method and 14.62 mSv by the DLP method.
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