Systematic Molecular Phenotyping: A Path Toward Precision Emergency Medicine?
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Precision medicine is an emerging approach to disease treatment and prevention that considers variability in patient genes, environment, and lifestyle. However, little has been written about how such research impacts emergency care. Recent advances in analytical techniques have made it possible to characterize patients in a more comprehensive and sophisticated fashion at the molecular level, promising highly individualized diagnosis and treatment. Among these techniques are various systematic molecular phenotyping analyses (e.g., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics). Although a number of emergency physicians use such techniques in their research, widespread discussion of these approaches has been lacking in the emergency care literature and many emergency physicians may be unfamiliar with them. In this article, we briefly review the underpinnings of such studies, note how they already impact acute care, discuss areas in which they might soon be applied, and identify challenges in translation to the emergency department (ED). While such techniques hold much promise, it is unclear whether the obstacles to translating their findings to the ED will be overcome in the near future. Such obstacles include validation, cost, turnaround time, user interface, decision support, standardization, and adoption by end-users.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1111/acem.13027
Publication InfoHeitsch, L; Kabrhel, Christopher; Limkakeng, Alexander; Monte, AA; Puskarich, M; Shapiro, NI; & Tsalik, Ephraim L (2016). Systematic Molecular Phenotyping: A Path Toward Precision Emergency Medicine?. Acad Emerg Med, 23(10). pp. 1097-1106. 10.1111/acem.13027. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/12400.
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Associate Professor of Surgery
My personal research interest is finding new ways to diagnose acute coronary syndrome. In particular, I am interested in novel biomarkers and precision medicine approaches to this problem. As Vice Chief of Research for the Duke Division of Emergency Medicine, I also work with researchers from many fields spanning global health, innovation, clinical trials, basic discovery and translational research. The common element is time-sensitive health conditions. I help
Associate Professor of Medicine
My research is focused on understanding the dynamic between host and pathogen so as to discover and develop host-response markers that can diagnose and predict health and disease. This new and evolving approach to diagnosing illness has the potential to significantly impact individual as well as public health considering the rise of antibiotic resistance. With any potential infectious disease diagnosis, it is difficult, if not impossible, to determine at the time of presentation
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