Dasatinib (BMS-35482) potentiates the activity of gemcitabine and docetaxel in uterine leiomyosarcoma cell lines.
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BACKGROUND: To explore the activity of dasatinib alone and in combination with gemcitabine and docetaxel in uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS) cell lines, and determine if dasatinib inhibits the SRC pathway. METHODS: SK-UT-1 and SK-UT-1B uLMS cells were treated with gemcitabine, docetaxel and dasatinib individually and in combination. SRC and paxcillin protein expression were determined pre- and post-dasatinib treatment using Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) multi-array immunogenicity assay. Dose-response curves were constructed and the coefficient of drug interaction (CDI) and combination index (CI) for drug interaction calculated. RESULTS: Activated phosphorylated levels of SRC and paxillin were decreased after treatment with dasatinib in both cell lines (p < 0.001). The addition of a minimally active concentration of dasatinib (IC25) decreased the IC50 of each cytotoxic agent by 2-4 fold. The combination of gemcitabine-docetaxel yielded a synergistic effect in SK-UT-1 (CI = 0.59) and an antagonistic effect in SK-UT-1B (CI = 1.36). Dasatinib combined with gemcitabine or docetaxel revealed a synergistic anti-tumor effect (CDI < 1) in both cell lines. The triple drug combination and sequencing revealed conflicting results with a synergistic effect in SK-UT-1B and antagonistic in SK-UT-1. CONCLUSION: Dasatinib inhibits the SRC pathway and yields a synergistic effect with the two-drug combination with either gemcitabine or docetaxel. The value of adding dasatinib to gemcitabine and docetaxel in a triple drug combination is uncertain, but may be beneficial in select uLMS cell lines. Based on our pre-clinical data and known activity of gemcitabine and docetaxel, further evaluation of dasatinib in combination with these agents for the treatment of uLMS is warranted.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/2053-6844-1-2
Publication InfoAdams, DJ; Grace, L; Jia, J; Lopez-Acevedo, M; Nixon, AB; Secord, AA; ... Whitaker, Regina (2014). Dasatinib (BMS-35482) potentiates the activity of gemcitabine and docetaxel in uterine leiomyosarcoma cell lines. Gynecol Oncol Res Pract, 1. pp. 2. 10.1186/2053-6844-1-2. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12496.
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