The association of HIV counseling and testing with HIV risk behaviors in a random population-based survey in Kisumu, Kenya.
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HIV testing has been promoted as a key HIV prevention strategy in low-resource settings, despite studies showing variable impact on risk behavior. We sought to examine rates of HIV testing and the association between testing and sexual risk behaviors in Kisumu, Kenya. Participants were interviewed about HIV testing and sexual risk behaviors. They then underwent HIV serologic testing. We found that 47% of women and 36% of men reported prior testing. Two-thirds of participants who tested HIV-positive in this study reported no prior HIV test. Women who had undergone recent testing were less likely to report high-risk behaviors than women who had never been tested; this was not seen among men. Although rates of HIV testing were higher than seen in previous studies, the majority of HIV-infected people were unaware of their status. Efforts should be made to increase HIV testing among this population.
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Interviews as Topic
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Surveys and Questionnaires
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1007/s10461-009-9649-4
Publication InfoBukusi, EA; Cohen, CR; Huchko, Megan J; Montandon, M; & Nguti, R (2011). The association of HIV counseling and testing with HIV risk behaviors in a random population-based survey in Kisumu, Kenya. AIDS Behav, 15(4). pp. 718-724. 10.1007/s10461-009-9649-4. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12718.
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Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Megan Huchko, MD, MPH, holds a dual appointment as an Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology and the Duke Global Health Institute. Dr. Huchko was an undergraduate at Duke before moving to New York City to complete medical school at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and residency training at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center. She completed her fellowship in Repr