Intergenerational effects of parental substance-related convictions and adult drug treatment court participation on children's school performance.
Repository Usage Stats
This study examined the intergenerational effects of parental conviction of a substance-related charge on children's academic performance and, conditional on a conviction, whether completion of an adult drug treatment court (DTC) program was associated with improved school performance. State administrative data from North Carolina courts, birth records, and school records were linked for 2005-2012. Math and reading end-of-grade test scores and absenteeism were examined for 5 groups of children, those with parents who: were not convicted on any criminal charge, were convicted on a substance-related charge and not referred by a court to a DTC, were referred to a DTC but did not enroll, enrolled in a DTC but did not complete, and completed a DTC program. Accounting for demographic and socioeconomic factors, the school performance of children whose parents were convicted of a substance-related offense was worse than that of children whose parents were not convicted on any charge. These differences were statistically significant but substantially reduced after controlling for socioeconomic characteristics; for example, mother's educational attainment. We found no evidence that parent participation in an adult DTC program led to improved school performance of their children. While the children of convicted parents fared worse on average, much--but not all--of this difference was attributed to socioeconomic factors, with the result that parental conviction remained a risk factor for poorer school performance. Even though adult DTCs have been shown to have other benefits, we could detect no intergenerational benefit in improved school performance of their children.
Child of Impaired Parents
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1037/ort0000087
Publication InfoGifford, Elizabeth J; Sloan, Frank A; Eldred, Lindsey M; & Evans, Kelly E (2015). Intergenerational effects of parental substance-related convictions and adult drug treatment court participation on children's school performance. Am J Orthopsychiatry, 85(5). pp. 452-468. 10.1037/ort0000087. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12797.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
More InfoShow full item record
Lindsey Eldred Kozecke is a Research Scholar at Duke University. She first joined Duke in 2005, shortly after earning her law degree from Benjamin Cardozo School of Law. She began her research at Duke in the Center for Health Policy (now known as the Global Health Institute), and joined the Department of Economics in 2009. Ms. Eldred Kozecke focuses her research on the intersection of health and the law. Her current research focuses on substance use and misuse, treatment courts, and legal levers
Associate Research Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy
Beth Gifford is an associate research professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy. Gifford is leading the Social and Economic Component of the Children’s Health and Discovery Institute housed within the Duke School of Medicine Department of Pediatrics. She is currently serving as an Early Childhood Policy Fellow with the North Carolina Department of He
J. Alexander McMahon Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Health Policy and Management
Professor Sloan is interested in studying the subjects of health policy and the economics of aging, hospitals, health, pharmaceuticals, and substance abuse. He has received funding from numerous research grants that he earned for studies of which he was the principal investigator. His most recent grants were awarded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Center for Disease Control, the Pew Charitable Trust, and the National Institute on Aging. Titles of his projects include, “Why Mature S
Alphabetical list of authors with Scholars@Duke profiles.