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Impact of North Carolina's Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School.

dc.contributor.author Bai, Yu
dc.contributor.author Dodge, Kenneth A
dc.contributor.author Ladd, Helen F
dc.contributor.author Muschkin, Clara G
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-21T16:14:58Z
dc.date.issued 2016-11-17
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27859011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/13015
dc.description.abstract North Carolina's Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61% non-Latinx White, 30% African American, 4% Latinx, 5% other). Student-level regression models with county and year fixed effects indicated significant positive impacts of each program on reading and math test scores and reductions in special education and grade retention in each grade. Effect sizes grew or held steady across years. Positive effects held for both high- and low-poverty families, suggesting spillover of effects to nonparticipating peers.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Child Dev
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/cdev.12645
dc.title Impact of North Carolina's Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27859011
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published online
dc.identifier.eissn 1467-8624


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