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Institutional Roots of Authoritarian Rule in the Middle East: Civic Legacies of the Islamic Waqf

dc.contributor.author Kuran, Timur
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-06T00:13:24Z
dc.date.issued 2014-06-12
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/13168
dc.description.abstract In the pre-modern Middle East the closest thing to an autonomous private organization was the Islamic waqf. This non-state institution inhibited political participation, collective action, and rule of law, among other indicators of democratization. It did so through several mechanisms. Its activities were essentially set by its founder, which limited its capacity to meet political challenges. Being designed to provide a service on its own, it could not participate in lasting political coalitions. The waqf’s beneficiaries had no say in evaluating or selecting its officers, and they had trouble forming a political community. Thus, for all the resources it controlled, the Islamic waqf contributed minimally to building civil society. As a core element of Islam’s classical institutional complex, it perpetuated authoritarian rule by keeping the state largely unrestrained. Therein lies a key reason for the slow pace of the Middle East’s democratization process.
dc.relation.ispartof Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper
dc.subject Middle East
dc.subject Ottoman Empire
dc.subject Turkey
dc.subject Arab world
dc.subject Egypt
dc.subject Islamic law
dc.subject sharia
dc.subject waqf
dc.subject democracy
dc.subject autocracy
dc.subject civil society
dc.subject political participation
dc.subject collective action
dc.subject coalition
dc.subject corporation
dc.subject foundation
dc.subject trust
dc.subject institutional change.
dc.title Institutional Roots of Authoritarian Rule in the Middle East: Civic Legacies of the Islamic Waqf
dc.type Journal article
pubs.issue 171
pubs.notes Source info: Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper No. 171
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Economics
pubs.organisational-group Political Science
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences


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