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The Situational Adaptiveness of Implicit Theories of Intelligence and Achievement Goal Orientations

dc.contributor.advisor Shah, James Y.
dc.contributor.author O'Keefe, Paul Andrew
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-27T18:38:53Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-27T18:38:53Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/1324
dc.description.abstract <p>Previous research has largely highlighted the maladaptive consequences of holding an entity theory of intelligence and the adaptive consequences of holding an incremental theory (for reviews, see Dweck, 1999; Dweck & Leggett, 1988). This research, however, has largely ignored the role of the achievement context and how it may conflict with the goals that naturally arise from implicit theories of intelligence. The present research demonstrates that the adaptiveness of theories of intelligence may depend on the demands of the situation. Across two studies, the most adaptive motivation, affect, and use of self-regulatory resources was observed when entity theorists pursued performance goals and when incremental theorists pursued learning goals (fit). Conversely, maladaptive outcomes were observed when entity theorists pursued learning goals and when incremental theorists pursued performance goals (nonfit). For several achievement-related outcomes, however, this pattern of results was moderated by perceived competence, suggesting that fit may be most adaptive when confidence in abilities is high, and nonfit may be most adaptive when it is low. Implications for achievement motivation and goal pursuit are discussed.</p>
dc.format.extent 434269 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject Psychology, Social
dc.subject Psychology, Personality
dc.subject achievement
dc.subject goals
dc.subject motivation
dc.subject self
dc.subject regulation
dc.subject theories of intelligence
dc.title The Situational Adaptiveness of Implicit Theories of Intelligence and Achievement Goal Orientations
dc.type Dissertation
dc.department Psychology and Neuroscience


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