Defining Ankyrin-b Syndrome: Characterization of Ankyrin-b Variants in Mice and Men and the Discovery of a Role for Ankyrin-b in Parasympathetic Control of Insulin Release
Studies in the ankyrin-B+/- mouse reveal that ankyrin-B deficiency is associated with both the benefits of enhanced cardiac contractility and the costs of arrhythmia, early senescence, reduced lifespan, and impaired glucose tolerance. This constellation of traits is known as ankyrin-B syndrome, which may have important implications for humans possessing functional ankyrin-B mutations. We found that ankyrin-B variants are surprisingly common, ranging from 2 percent of European individuals to 8 percent in individuals from West Africa. Furthermore, by studying of the metabolic phenotype associated with ankyrin-B mouse, we have uncovered a major new dimension to ankyrin-B syndrome, a link between ankyrin-B and parasympathetic control of insulin secretion. Stimulation of pancreatic beta cells by acetylcholine augments glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by inducing inositol-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R)-mediated Ca2+ release. We report that ankyrin-B is also enriched in pancreatic beta cells. Ankyrin-B-deficient islets display impaired potentiation of insulin secretion by the muscarinic agonist carbachol, blunted carbachol-mediated intracellular Ca2+- release, and reduced InsP3R stability. Ankyrin-B(+/-) mice also display postprandial hyperglycemia, consistent with impaired parasympathetic potentiation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. R1788W mutation of ankyrin-B impairs its function in pancreatic islets and associates with type 2 diabetes in Caucasians and Hispanics. Finally, we have generated knockin mice corresponding to the R1788W and L1622I mutations. Functional characterization of these animals will allow us to better understand the relationship between human ankyrin-B variants and ankyrin-B syndrome.
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