Polymorphisms in Fibronectin Binding Proteins A and B among Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Isolates Are Not Associated with Arthroplasty Infection.
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BACKGROUND: Nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in fibronectin binding protein A (fnbA) of Staphylococcus aureus are associated with cardiac device infections. However, the role of fnbA SNPs in S. aureus arthroplasty infection is unknown. METHODS: Bloodstream S. aureus isolates from a derivation cohort of patients at a single U.S. medical center with S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) and prosthetic hip or knee arthroplasties that were infected (PJI, n = 27) or uninfected (PJU, n = 43) underwent sequencing of fnbA and fnbB. A validation cohort of S. aureus bloodstream PJI (n = 12) and PJU (n = 58) isolates from Germany also underwent fnbA and fnbB sequencing. RESULTS: Overall, none of the individual fnbA or fnbB SNPs were significantly associated with the PJI or PJU clinical groups within the derivation cohort. Similarly, none of the individual fnbA or fnbB SNPs were associated with PJI or PJU when the analysis was restricted to patients with either early SAB (i.e., bacteremia occurring <1 year after placement or manipulation of prostheses) or late SAB (i.e., bacteremia >1 year after placement or manipulation of prostheses). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to cardiac device infections, there is no association between nonsynonymous SNPs in fnbA or fnbB of bloodstream S. aureus isolates and arthroplasty infection. These results suggest that initial steps leading to S. aureus infection of cardiovascular and orthopedic prostheses may arise by distinct processes.
Aged, 80 and over
Amino Acid Sequence
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
Genetic Association Studies
Molecular Sequence Data
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0141436
Publication InfoEichenberger, EM; Fowler, Vance Garrison Jr; Hos, NJ; Kaasch, AJ; Kern, WV; Lower, SK; ... Thaden, Joshua (2015). Polymorphisms in Fibronectin Binding Proteins A and B among Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Isolates Are Not Associated with Arthroplasty Infection. PLoS One, 10(11). pp. e0141436. 10.1371/journal.pone.0141436. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/13309.
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Florence McAlister Professor of Medicine
Determinants of Outcome in Patients with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections Infections due to Resistant Gram Positive Organisms Tropical medicine/International Health
Associate Professor in Medicine
Assistant Professor of Medicine
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