Prefrontal contributions to relational encoding in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.
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Relational memory declines are well documented as an early marker for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Episodic memory formation relies on relational processing supported by two mnemonic mechanisms, generation and binding. Neuroimaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have primarily focused on binding deficits which are thought to be mediated by medial temporal lobe dysfunction. In this study, prefrontal contributions to relational encoding were also investigated using fMRI by parametrically manipulating generation demands during the encoding of word triads. Participants diagnosed with aMCI and healthy control subjects encoded word triads consisting of a category word with either, zero, one, or two semantically related exemplars. As the need to generate increased (i.e., two- to one- to zero-link triads), both groups recruited a core set of regions associated with the encoding of word triads including the parahippocampal gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and superior parietal lobule. Participants diagnosed with aMCI also parametrically recruited several frontal regions including the inferior frontal gyrus and middle frontal gyrus as the need to generate increased, whereas the control participants did not show this modulation. While there is some functional overlap in regions recruited by generation demands between the groups, the recruitment of frontal regions in the aMCI participants coincides with worse memory performance, likely representing a form of neural inefficiency associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Mild cognitive impairment
Aged, 80 and over
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.nicl.2016.01.008
Publication InfoAddis, DR; Browndyke, Jeffrey Nicholas; Burke, JR; Ford, JH; Foster, CM; Giovanello, Kelly S; ... Welsh-Bohmer, Kathleen Anne (2016). Prefrontal contributions to relational encoding in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Neuroimage Clin, 11. pp. 158-166. 10.1016/j.nicl.2016.01.008. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/13328.
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Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Dr. Browndyke is an Associate Professor of Geriatric Behavioral Health in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences. He also holds affiliate faculty appointments with the Duke Brain Imaging & Analysis Center (BIAC), Duke Institute for Brain Science (DIBS), Center for Cognitive Neuroscience (CCN), and the Duke Center for Geriatric Surgery. He has dual appointment to the Duke University Medical Center and the Durham VA Medical Center, the latter of which is where his c
Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Dr. Kathleen Welsh-Bohmer is a Professor of Psychiatry with a secondary appointment in the Department of Neurology. She is also the Chief of the Medical Psychology CPU, the professional home for the over 200 academic psychologists within Duke Medical Center. Clinically trained as a neuropsychologist, Dr. Welsh-Bohmer's research activities have been focused around developing effective prevention and treatment strategies to delay the onset of
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