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Prosocial Reward Learning in Children and Adolescents.

dc.contributor.author Huettel, Scott
dc.contributor.author Kwak, Youngbin
dc.coverage.spatial Switzerland
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T14:11:51Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T14:11:51Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27761125
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/13704
dc.description.abstract Adolescence is a period of increased sensitivity to social contexts. To evaluate how social context sensitivity changes over development-and influences reward learning-we investigated how children and adolescents perceive and integrate rewards for oneself and others during a dynamic risky decision-making task. Children and adolescents (N = 75, 8-16 years) performed the Social Gambling Task (SGT, Kwak et al., 2014) and completed a set of questionnaires measuring other-regarding behavior. In the SGT, participants choose amongst four card decks that have different payout structures for oneself and for a charity. We examined patterns of choices, overall decision strategies, and how reward outcomes led to trial-by-trial adjustments in behavior, as estimated using a reinforcement-learning model. Performance of children and adolescents was compared to data from a previously collected sample of adults (N = 102) performing the identical task. We found that that children/adolescents were not only more sensitive to rewards directed to the charity than self but also showed greater prosocial tendencies on independent measures of other-regarding behavior. Children and adolescents also showed less use of a strategy that prioritizes rewards for self at the expense of rewards for others. These results support the conclusion that, compared to adults, children and adolescents show greater sensitivity to outcomes for others when making decisions and learning about potential rewards.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Front Psychol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01539
dc.subject adolescence
dc.subject prosociality
dc.subject reinforcement learning
dc.subject reward
dc.subject social decision making
dc.title Prosocial Reward Learning in Children and Adolescents.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27761125
pubs.begin-page 1539
pubs.organisational-group Basic Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Neurobiology
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 7


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