Manipulating stored phonological input during verbal working memory.
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Verbal working memory (vWM) involves storing and manipulating information in phonological sensory input. An influential theory of vWM proposes that manipulation is carried out by a central executive while storage is performed by two interacting systems: a phonological input buffer that captures sound-based information and an articulatory rehearsal system that controls speech motor output. Whether, when and how neural activity in the brain encodes these components remains unknown. Here we read out the contents of vWM from neural activity in human subjects as they manipulated stored speech sounds. As predicted, we identified storage systems that contained both phonological sensory and articulatory motor representations. Unexpectedly, however, we found that manipulation did not involve a single central executive but rather involved two systems with distinct contributions to successful manipulation. We propose, therefore, that multiple subsystems comprise the central executive needed to manipulate stored phonological input for articulatory motor output in vWM.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1038/nn.4459
Publication InfoCogan, Gregory; Iyer, A; Melloni, L; Thesen, T; Friedman, D; Doyle, W; ... Pesaran, B (2017). Manipulating stored phonological input during verbal working memory. Nat Neurosci, 20(2). pp. 279-286. 10.1038/nn.4459. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/13991.
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Assistant Professor in Neurosurgery
Dr. Cogan's research focuses on speech, language, and cognition. This research uses a variety of analytic techniques (e.g. neural power analysis, connectivity measures, decoding algorithms) and focuses mainly on invasive human recordings (electrocorticography - ECoG) but also uses non-invasive methods such as EEG, MEG, and fMRI. Dr. Cogan is also interested in studying cognitive systems in the context of disease models to help aid recovery and treatment programs.