Effect of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% sodium chloride (Voluven®) on complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a retrospective analysis.
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BACKGROUND: 6% Hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% Sodium Chloride (Voluven®; 6% HES 130/0.4) is a colloid often used for fluid resuscitation in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), despite a lack of safety data for this use. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of 6% HES 130/0.4 on major complications associated with SAH. METHODS: Medical records of all patients presenting between May 2010 and September 2012 with aneurysmal SAH were analyzed. Patients were divided in two groups based on the administration of 6% HES 130/0.4; HES group (n=57) and Non-HES group (n=72). The primary outcome included a composite of three major complications associated with SAH: Delayed Cerebral Ischemia (DCI), Hydrocephalus (HCP) requiring cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting, and Rebleeding. RESULTS: The study groups were similar with respect to most characteristics except the incidences of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, Fisher grade and lowest hemoglobin during stay. The odds of developing the primary composite outcome was higher in the HES group [OR= 3.1(1.30-7.36), p=0.01]. The patients in the HES group had a significantly longer median duration of hospital (19 vs 14 days) and Neurointensive Care Unit stay (14 vs 10 days) compared to the Non HES group. CONCLUSION: We observed increased complications after SAH with 6% HES 130/0.4 (Voluven®) administration. An adequately powered prospective randomized controlled trial into the safety of 6% HES 130/0.4 in this patient population is warranted.
Subject6% HES 130/0.4
Delayed cerebral ischemia
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/2193-1801-2-314
Publication InfoAdogwa, O; Britz, GW; Gan, Tong Joo; Gokhale, S; James, Michael Lucas; Khan, S; ... Zomorodi, Ali R (2013). Effect of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% sodium chloride (Voluven®) on complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a retrospective analysis. Springerplus, 2(1). pp. 314. 10.1186/2193-1801-2-314. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/14237.
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Consulting Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology
My current research interests include postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), acute postoperative pain, clinical pharmacology of anesthetic drugs and resuscitation fluids as well as database research in postoperative outcomes. Improving Outcome in Surgical Patients: Nausea and vomiting is regarded as one of the most unpleasant experiences in postoperative recovery. To date, there is no single antiemetic which can satisfactorily control PONV. My interests concentrate o
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
I have an extensive background in neuroanesthesia and neurointensive care and a special research interest in translational and clinical research aspects of intracerebral hemorrhage. After completing residencies in neurology and anesthesiology with fellowships in neurocritical care, neuroanesthesia, and vascular neurology, I developed a murine model of intracerebral hemorrhage in the Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories at Duke University. After optimization of the model, I h
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