Gender Dimensions of Climate Change in Pakistan: Reducing the Vulnerabilities of Rural Women to Climate Change Effects in the Province of Sindh
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The province of Sindh in Pakistan is predominantly an agriculture-based region which has a large proportion of the population living in rural areas. Here, women play a significant role in agricultural activities and are also held responsible for household activities. Given rigid social structures, the influence of power by elites who exercise control through landholdings and additional cultural and religious restrictions, women in rural Sindh are considered to be amongst the most disenfranchised. Through this paper, I attempt to identify the vulnerabilities of women in rural Sindh to climate change effects and evaluate the gender differences in access to resources, services and facilities. From the analysis conducted, the increase in the burden of responsibilities for women of rural Sindh in combination with the social, economic and cultural barriers, ineffective implementation mechanisms and subsequent structural causes result in exclusion of women from sustainable livelihood management practices. The situation is further exacerbated by the effects of climate change.The paper assesses various policy options and provides recommendations to the Provincial government of Sindh to invest in capacity building schemes and improve agricultural practices through investments in social protection programs, technical and vocational skills. Investing in such mechanisms will have considerable positive effects on the social, cultural and economic status of women and help to build resilience against disasters and additional climate change effects within the region.
DepartmentGraduate Liberal Studies
CitationKayani, Mishalle (2017). Gender Dimensions of Climate Change in Pakistan: Reducing the Vulnerabilities of Rural Women to Climate Change Effects in the Province of Sindh. Master's thesis, Duke University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/14304.
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Rights for Collection: Graduate Liberal Studies