||This thesis explores the intersection of terrorism and art in response to the two
high profile terrorist attacks in Paris: Charlie Hebdo, and the attacks of November
13th, 2015. First, I examine the historical and political context of the attacks,
including the declaration of an “état d’urgence” immediately following the November
13th attacks, as well as the history of islamophobia in France. By analyzing the works
of critics including Gilles Kepel and Patrick Boucheron, as well as integrating my
own personal experience of being in Paris immediately following the November 13th
attacks, I argue that the occurrence of a terrorist attack is a catalyst for the creation
of powerful artistic works. The art created can serve two primary functions: a social
tool to help unite and heal a community, and a form of personal expression. I then
examine and analyze the works of two French artists who embody this hypothesis, street
artist Fred le Chevalier and former Charlie Hebdo cartoonist Renald Luzier (Luz).
I offer the hypothesis that Luz considers the art-terror relationship, whereas Le
Chevalier does not.