Survival Prognosis in Very Old Adults.
Repository Usage Stats
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether simple functional indicators are predictors of survival prognosis in very old adults. DESIGN: In-person survey conducted over a 3-month period in 1998; assessment of survival over a 15-year follow-up period. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: All 3,600 Danes born in 1905 and living in Denmark in 1998, were invited to participate regardless of residence and health; 2,262 (63%) participated in the survey: 1,814 (80.2%) in person and 448 (19.8%) through a proxy. MEASUREMENTS: Socioeconomic factors, medications and diseases, activities of daily living, physical performance, cognition, depression symptomatology, self-rated health, and all-cause mortality, evaluated as average remaining lifespan and chance of surviving to 100 years. RESULTS: Men aged 92 to 93 had an overall 6.0% chance of surviving to 100 years, whereas the chance for women was 11.4%. Being able to rise without use of hands increased the chance for men to 11.2% (95% confidence interval (CI)=7.7-14.7) and for women to 22.0% (95% CI=18.9-25.1). When combining this with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores from 28 to 30, the chances were 21.7% (95% CI=11.5-31.9) for men and 34.2% (95% CI=24.8-43.5) for women. CONCLUSION: Chair stand score combined with MMSE score is a quick and easy way to estimate overall chance of survival in very old adults, which is particularly relevant when treatment with potential side effects for nonacute diseases is considered.
SubjectMini-Mental State Examination
Activities of Daily Living
Aged, 80 and over
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1111/jgs.13838
Publication InfoThinggaard, Mikael; McGue, Matt; Jeune, Bernard; Osler, Merete; Vaupel, James W; & Christensen, Kaare (2016). Survival Prognosis in Very Old Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc, 64(1). pp. 81-88. 10.1111/jgs.13838. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/14651.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
More InfoShow full item record
James Walton Vaupel
Research Professor Emeritus in the Sanford School of Public Policy
This author no longer has a Scholars@Duke profile, so the information shown here reflects their Duke status at the time this item was deposited.
Articles written by Duke faculty are made available through the campus open access policy. For more information see: Duke Open Access Policy
Rights for Collection: Scholarly Articles
Works are deposited here by their authors, and represent their research and opinions, not that of Duke University. Some materials and descriptions may include offensive content. More info