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Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US.

dc.contributor.author Christensen, Kaare
dc.contributor.author Crimmins, E
dc.contributor.author O'Rand, Angela M
dc.contributor.author Oksuzyan, A
dc.contributor.author Saito, Y
dc.contributor.author Vaupel, James Walton
dc.coverage.spatial Netherlands
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-02T19:41:39Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-02T19:41:39Z
dc.date.issued 2010-07
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20495953
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/14789
dc.description.abstract The present study aims to compare the direction and magnitude of sex differences in mortality and major health dimensions across Denmark, Japan and the US. The Human Mortality Database was used to examine sex differences in age-specific mortality rates. The Danish twin surveys, the Danish 1905-Cohort Study, the Health and Retirement Study, and the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging were used to examine sex differences in health. Men had consistently higher mortality rates at all ages in all three countries, but they also had a substantial advantage in handgrip strength compared with the same-aged women. Sex differences in activities of daily living (ADL) became pronounced among individuals aged 85+ in all three countries. Depression levels tended to be higher in women, particularly, in Denmark and the HRS, and only small sex differences were observed in the immediate recall test and Mini-Mental State Exam. The present study revealed consistent sex differentials in survival and physical health, self-rated health and cognition at older ages, whereas the pattern of sex differences in depressive symptoms was country-specific.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Eur J Epidemiol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1007/s10654-010-9460-6
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Aged, 80 and over
dc.subject Denmark
dc.subject Disability Evaluation
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Health Status
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Japan
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Mortality
dc.subject Sex Distribution
dc.subject United States
dc.title Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20495953
pubs.begin-page 471
pubs.end-page 480
pubs.issue 7
pubs.organisational-group Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Sociology
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 25
dc.identifier.eissn 1573-7284


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