Adherence to diabetes guidelines for screening, physical activity and medication and onset of complications and death.
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AIMS: Analyze relationships between adherence to guidelines for diabetes care - regular screening; physical activity; and medication - and diabetes complications and mortality. METHODS: Outcomes were onset of congestive heart failure (CHF), stroke, renal failure, moderate complications of lower extremities, lower-limb amputation, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and mortality during follow-up. Participants were persons aged 65+ in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2003 Diabetes Study and had Medicare claims in follow-up period (2004-8). RESULTS: Adherence to screening recommendations decreased risks of developing CHF (odds ratio (OR)=0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.72-0.96), stroke (OR=0.80; 95% CI: 0.68-0.94); renal failure (OR=0. 82; 95% CI: 0.71-0.95); and death (OR=0.86; 95% CI: 0.74-0.99). Adherence to physical activity recommendation reduced risks of stroke (OR=0.64; 95% CI: 0.45-0.90), renal failure (OR=0.71; 95% CI: 0.52-0.97), moderate lower-extremity complications (OR=0.71; 95% CI: 0.51-0.99), having a lower limb amputation (OR=0.31, 95% CI: 0.11-0.85), and death (OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.41-0.77). Medication adherence was associated with lower risks of PDR (OR=0.35, 95% CI: 0.13-0.93). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to screening, physical activity and medication guidelines was associated with lower risks of diabetes complications and death. Relative importance of adherence differed among outcome measures.
Health and Retirement Study
Aged, 80 and over
Combined Modality Therapy
Medicare Part A
Medicare Part B
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2015.07.005
Publication InfoChen, Y; Sloan, Frank A; & Yashkin, Arseniy (2015). Adherence to diabetes guidelines for screening, physical activity and medication and onset of complications and death. J Diabetes Complications, 29(8). pp. 1228-1233. 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2015.07.005. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/14806.
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J. Alexander McMahon Professor Emeritus of Health Policy and Management
Professor Sloan is interested in studying the subjects of health policy and the economics of aging, hospitals, health, pharmaceuticals, and substance abuse. He has received funding from numerous research grants that he earned for studies of which he was the principal investigator. His most recent grants were awarded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Center for Disease Control, the Pew Charitable Trust, and the National Institute on Aging. Titles of his projects include, “Why Mature S
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