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Improving environmental and social targeting through adaptive management in Mexico's payments for hydrological services program.

dc.contributor.author Sims, Katharine RE
dc.contributor.author Alix-Garcia, Jennifer M
dc.contributor.author Shapiro-Garza, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author Fine, Leah R
dc.contributor.author Radeloff, Volker C
dc.contributor.author Aronson, Glen
dc.contributor.author Castillo, Selene
dc.contributor.author Ramirez-Reyes, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Yañez-Pagans, Patricia
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-06T23:54:10Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-06T23:54:10Z
dc.date.issued 2014-10
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25039240
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15027
dc.description.abstract Natural resource managers are often expected to achieve both environmental protection and economic development even when there are fundamental trade-offs between these goals. Adaptive management provides a theoretical structure for program administrators to balance social priorities in the presence of trade-offs and to improve conservation targeting. We used the case of Mexico's federal Payments for Hydrological Services program (PSAH) to illustrate the importance of adaptive management for improving program targeting. We documented adaptive elements of PSAH and corresponding changes in program eligibility and selection criteria. To evaluate whether these changes resulted in enrollment of lands of high environmental and social priority, we compared the environmental and social characteristics of the areas enrolled in the program with the characteristics of all forested areas in Mexico, all areas eligible for the program, and all areas submitted for application to the program. The program successfully enrolled areas of both high ecological and social priority, and over time, adaptive changes in the program's criteria for eligibility and selection led to increased enrollment of land scoring high on both dimensions. Three factors facilitated adaptive management in Mexico and are likely to be generally important for conservation managers: a supportive political environment, including financial backing and encouragement to experiment from the federal government; availability of relatively good social and environmental data; and active participation in the review process by stakeholders and outside evaluators.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Conserv Biol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/cobi.12318
dc.subject Conservación de bosques
dc.subject Latin America
dc.subject Latinoamérica
dc.subject conservation targeting
dc.subject forest conservation
dc.subject objetivos de conservación
dc.subject pagos por servicios ambientales
dc.subject payments for ecosystem services
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Mexico
dc.subject Water Cycle
dc.title Improving environmental and social targeting through adaptive management in Mexico's payments for hydrological services program.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25039240
pubs.begin-page 1151
pubs.end-page 1159
pubs.issue 5
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 28
dc.identifier.eissn 1523-1739


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