A pilot study on using rapamycin-carrying synthetic vaccine particles (SVP) in conjunction with enzyme replacement therapy to induce immune tolerance in Pompe disease
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A major obstacle to enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human acid-α-glucosidase (rhGAA) for Pompe disease is the development of high titers of anti-rhGAA antibodies in a subset of patients, which often leads to a loss of treatment efficacy. In an effort to induce sustained immune tolerance to rhGAA, we supplemented the rhGAA therapy with a weekly intravenous injection of synthetic vaccine particles carrying rapamycin (SVP-Rapa) during the first 3 weeks of a 12-week course of ERT in GAA-KO mice, and compared this with three intraperitoneal injections of methotrexate (MTX) per week for the first 3 weeks. Empty nanoparticles (NP) were used as negative control for SVP-Rapa. Co-administration of SVP-Rapa with rhGAA resulted in more durable inhibition of anti-rhGAA antibody responses, higher efficacy in glycogen clearance in skeletal muscles, and greater improvement of motor function than mice treated with empty NP or MTX. Body weight loss was observed during the MTX-treatment but not SVP-Rapa-treatment. Our data suggest that co-administration of SVP-Rapa may be an innovative and safe strategy to induce durable immune tolerance to rhGAA during the ERT in patients with Pompe disease, leading to improved clinical outcomes.
Enzyme replacement therapy
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.ymgmr.2017.03.005
Publication InfoGao, Feng; Kishimoto TK; Kishnani, Priya Sunil; Lim H-H; Sun, Baodong; & Yi, Haiqing (2017). A pilot study on using rapamycin-carrying synthetic vaccine particles (SVP) in conjunction with enzyme replacement therapy to induce immune tolerance in Pompe disease. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, 13. pp. 18-22. 10.1016/j.ymgmr.2017.03.005. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15092.
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Professor of Medicine
Dr. Feng Gao is Professor of Medicine at Duke University. The Gao laboratory has a long-standing interest in elucidating the origins and evolution of human and simian inmmunodeficiency viruses (HIV and SIV), and in studying HIV/SIV gene function and pathogenic mechanisms from the evolutionary perspective. These studies have led to new strategies to better understand HIV origins, biology, pathogenesis and drug resistance, and to design new AIDS vaccines.
Chen Family Professor of Pediatrics
RESEARCH INTERESTS A multidisciplinary approach to care of individuals with genetic disorders in conjunction with clinical and bench research that contributes to: 1) An understanding of the natural history and delineation of long term complications of genetic disorders 2) The development of new therapies for genetic disorders through translational research 3) The development and execution of large multicenter trials to confirm safety and efficacy of potential th
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
My overall research interests are finding effective treatment for human glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) and other inherited metabolic disorders. My current research focuses on identification of novel therapeutic targets and development of effective therapies for GSD II (Pompe disease), GSD III (Cori disease), and GSD IV (Andersen disease) using cellular and animal disease models. The main therapeutic approaches we are using in our pre-clinical studie
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