Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations for birefringence relaxation of photo-switchable molecules on a surface.
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Recent experiments have demonstrated that in a dense monolayer of photo-switchable dye methyl-red molecules the relaxation of an initial birefringence follows a power-law decay, typical for glass-like dynamics. The slow relaxation can efficiently be controlled and accelerated by illuminating the monolayer with circularly polarized light, which induces trans-cis isomerization cycles. To elucidate the microscopic mechanism, we develop a two-dimensional molecular model in which the trans and cis isomers are represented by straight and bent needles, respectively. As in the experimental system, the needles are allowed to rotate and to form overlaps but they cannot translate. The out-of-equilibrium rotational dynamics of the needles is generated using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. We demonstrate that, in a regime of high density and low temperature, the power-law relaxation can be traced to the formation of spatio-temporal correlations in the rotational dynamics, i.e., dynamic heterogeneity. We also show that the nearly isotropic cis isomers can prevent dynamic heterogeneity from forming in the monolayer and that the relaxation then becomes exponential.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1063/1.4943393
Publication InfoCharbonneau, Patrick; Stark, Holger; & Tavarone, R (2016). Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations for birefringence relaxation of photo-switchable molecules on a surface. J Chem Phys, 144(10). pp. 104703. 10.1063/1.4943393. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15336.
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Associate Professor of Chemistry
Professor Charbonneau studies soft matter. His work combines theory and simulation to understand the glass problem, protein crystallization, microphase formation, and colloidal assembly in external fields.