UHRF1 is required for basal stem cell proliferation in response to airway injury.
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Cellular senescence is a cell fate characterized by an irreversible cell cycle arrest, but the molecular mechanism underlying this senescence hallmark remains poorly understood. Through an unbiased search for novel senescence regulators in airway basal cells, we discovered that the epigenetic regulator ubiquitin-like with PHD and ring finger domain-containing protein 1 (UHRF1) is critical for regulating cell cycle progression. Upon injury, basal cells in the mouse airway rapidly induce the expression of UHRF1 in order to stimulate stem cell proliferation and tissue repair. Targeted depletion of Uhrf1 specifically in airway basal cells causes a profound defect in cell cycle progression. Consistently, cultured primary human basal cells lacking UHRF1 do not exhibit cell death or differentiation phenotypes but undergo a spontaneous program of senescence. Mechanistically, UHRF1 loss induces G1 cell cycle arrest by abrogating DNA replication factory formation as evidenced by loss of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) puncta and an inability to enter the first cell cycle. This proliferation defect is partially mediated by the p15 pathway. Overall, our study provides the first evidence of an indispensable role of UHRF1 in somatic stem cells proliferation during the process of airway regeneration.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1038/celldisc.2017.19
Publication InfoXiang, H; Yuan, Lifeng; Gao, Xia; Alexander, Peter; Lopez, Omar; Lau, C; ... Wang, Xiao-Fan (2017). UHRF1 is required for basal stem cell proliferation in response to airway injury. Cell Discov, 3. pp. 17019. 10.1038/celldisc.2017.19. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15358.
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Associate Professor of Immunology
To harness the unique immune-potentiating and immune-regulatory properties of T cells, it is of essence to understand and optimize T cell responses. As microRNAs (miRNAs) can serve as effective tools to manipulate a specific immune response, the major objective of my laboratory is to discover new immunoregulatory miRNAs and to employ them to modulate the strength and pattern of T cell responses for clinical intervention, especially, for cancer therapies. Stepping up to the challenges of this
Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Cell Biology
Donald and Elizabeth Cooke Professor of Cancer Research, in the School of Medicine
The current research in the Wang laboratory mainly focuses on the elucidation of molecular nature and signaling mechanisms associated with the initiation of cellular senescence. In addition, we continue to study changes in tumor microenvironment that promotes tumor progression and metastasis, particularly how tumor cells interact with the immune system. Ultimately, we hope that our studies in these areas to lead to the development of novel therapeutics for the treatment of various types of human
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