Efficient Gaussian process regression for large datasets.
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Gaussian processes are widely used in nonparametric regression, classification and spatiotemporal modelling, facilitated in part by a rich literature on their theoretical properties. However, one of their practical limitations is expensive computation, typically on the order of n(3) where n is the number of data points, in performing the necessary matrix inversions. For large datasets, storage and processing also lead to computational bottlenecks, and numerical stability of the estimates and predicted values degrades with increasing n. Various methods have been proposed to address these problems, including predictive processes in spatial data analysis and the subset-of-regressors technique in machine learning. The idea underlying these approaches is to use a subset of the data, but this raises questions concerning sensitivity to the choice of subset and limitations in estimating fine-scale structure in regions that are not well covered by the subset. Motivated by the literature on compressive sensing, we propose an alternative approach that involves linear projection of all the data points onto a lower-dimensional subspace. We demonstrate the superiority of this approach from a theoretical perspective and through simulated and real data examples.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1093/biomet/ass068
Publication InfoBanerjee, A; Dunson, David B; & Tokdar, ST (2013). Efficient Gaussian process regression for large datasets. Biometrika, 100(1). pp. 75-89. 10.1093/biomet/ass068. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/15591.
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Arts and Sciences Professor of Statistical Science
Development of novel approaches for representing and analyzing complex data. A particular focus is on methods that incorporate geometric structure (both known and unknown) and on probabilistic approaches to characterize uncertainty. In addition, a big interest is in scalable algorithms and in developing approaches with provable guarantees.This fundamental work is directly motivated by applications in biomedical research, network data analysis, neuroscience, genomics, ecol