Severity and Justness Do Not Moderate the Relation Between Corporal Punishment and Negative Child Outcomes: A Multicultural and Longitudinal Study.
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There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7-10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup path models revealed that across cultural groups, and as reported by mothers and fathers, there is a positive relation between the frequency of corporal punishment and externalizing child behaviors. Mother-reported severity and father-reported justness were associated with child-reported aggression. Neither severity nor justness moderated the relation between frequency of corporal punishment and child problem behavior. The null result suggests that more use of corporal punishment is harmful to children regardless of how it is implemented, but requires further substantiation as the study is unable to definitively conclude that there is no true interaction effect.
Subjectconsistency of punishment
justness of punishment
severity of punishment
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1177/0165025417697852
Publication InfoAl-Hassan, SM; Alampay, L; Bacchini, D; Bombi, AS; Bornstein, MH; Chang, L; ... Zelli, A (2017). Severity and Justness Do Not Moderate the Relation Between Corporal Punishment and Negative Child Outcomes: A Multicultural and Longitudinal Study. Int J Behav Dev, 41(4). pp. 491-502. 10.1177/0165025417697852. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/15811.
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Pritzker Professor of Early Learning Policy Studies
Kenneth A. Dodge is the Pritzker Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. He is also the founding and past director of the Center for Child and Family Policy. He is a leading scholar in the development and prevention of aggressive and violent behaviors. His work provides a model for understanding how some young children grow up to engage in aggression and violence and provides a fram
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Patrick Malone is a senior research scientist with the Center. His specialization is quantitative psychology and his independent research program focuses on developing statistical models of change over time, especially in health behaviors and developmental psychopathology. He is particularly interested in novel approaches to understanding racial, ethnic, and cultural differences in adolescent substance use and other health risk behaviors. As a methodological specialist, Dr. Malone col
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Ann Skinner, who has been employed at the Center since 2001, is the research project manager for Parenting Across Cultures (PAC). Skinner also works as the liaison between researchers and the N.C. Department of Public Instruction on the newly-funded <a href="http://childandfamilypolicy.duke.edu/project/center-for-the-study-of-adolescent-risk-and-resilience-c-starr/"
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