A test of the submentalizing hypothesis: Apes' performance in a false belief task inanimate control.
Repository Usage Stats
Much debate concerns whether any nonhuman animals share with humans the ability to infer others' mental states, such as desires and beliefs. In a recent eye-tracking false-belief task, we showed that great apes correctly anticipated that a human actor would search for a goal object where he had last seen it, even though the apes themselves knew that it was no longer there. In response, Heyes proposed that apes' looking behavior was guided not by social cognitive mechanisms but rather domain-general cueing effects, and suggested the use of inanimate controls to test this alternative submentalizing hypothesis. In the present study, we implemented the suggested inanimate control of our previous false-belief task. Apes attended well to key events but showed markedly fewer anticipatory looks and no significant tendency to look to the correct location. We thus found no evidence that submentalizing was responsible for apes' anticipatory looks in our false-belief task.
false belief understanding
theory of mind
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1080/19420889.2017.1343771
Publication InfoCall, J; Hirata, S; Kano, F; Krupenye, C; & Tomasello, Michael (2017). A test of the submentalizing hypothesis: Apes' performance in a false belief task inanimate control. Commun Integr Biol, 10(4). pp. e1343771. 10.1080/19420889.2017.1343771. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/16096.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
More InfoShow full item record
James F. Bonk Distinguished Professor
Major research interests in processes of social cognition, social learning, cooperation, and communication from developmental, comparative, and cultural perspectives. Current theoretical focus on processes of shared intentionality. Empirical research mainly with human children from 1 to 4 years of age and great apes.