Computed tomography imaging of primary lung cancer in mice using a liposomal-iodinated contrast agent.
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PURPOSE: To investigate the utility of a liposomal-iodinated nanoparticle contrast agent and computed tomography (CT) imaging for characterization of primary nodules in genetically engineered mouse models of non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: Primary lung cancers with mutations in K-ras alone (Kras(LA1)) or in combination with p53 (LSL-Kras(G12D);p53(FL/FL)) were generated. A liposomal-iodine contrast agent containing 120 mg Iodine/mL was administered systemically at a dose of 16 µl/gm body weight. Longitudinal micro-CT imaging with cardio-respiratory gating was performed pre-contrast and at 0 hr, day 3, and day 7 post-contrast administration. CT-derived nodule sizes were used to assess tumor growth. Signal attenuation was measured in individual nodules to study dynamic enhancement of lung nodules. RESULTS: A good correlation was seen between volume and diameter-based assessment of nodules (R(2)>0.8) for both lung cancer models. The LSL-Kras(G12D);p53(FL/FL) model showed rapid growth as demonstrated by systemically higher volume changes compared to the lung nodules in Kras(LA1) mice (p<0.05). Early phase imaging using the nanoparticle contrast agent enabled visualization of nodule blood supply. Delayed-phase imaging demonstrated significant differential signal enhancement in the lung nodules of LSL-Kras(G12D);p53(FL/FL) mice compared to nodules in Kras(LA1) mice (p<0.05) indicating higher uptake and accumulation of the nanoparticle contrast agent in rapidly growing nodules. CONCLUSIONS: The nanoparticle iodinated contrast agent enabled visualization of blood supply to the nodules during the early-phase imaging. Delayed-phase imaging enabled characterization of slow growing and rapidly growing nodules based on signal enhancement. The use of this agent could facilitate early detection and diagnosis of pulmonary lesions as well as have implications on treatment response and monitoring.
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0034496
Publication InfoBadea, Cristian T; Athreya, Khannan K; Espinosa, Gabriela; Clark, Darin; Ghafoori, A Paiman; Li, Yifan; ... Ghaghada, Ketan B (2012). Computed tomography imaging of primary lung cancer in mice using a liposomal-iodinated contrast agent. PLoS One, 7(4). pp. e34496. 10.1371/journal.pone.0034496. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/16171.
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Professor in Radiology
Dr. Cristian T. Badea is a Professor in the Department of Radiology and faculty in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics. His research interests are in the physics and biomedical applications of computed tomography (CT), micro-CT, tomosynthesis, and image reconstruction algorithms.
Charles E. Putman University Distinguished Professor of Radiology
Dr. Johnson is the Charles E. Putman University Professor of Radiology, Professor of Physics, and Biomedical Engineering, and Director of the Duke Center for In Vivo Microscopy (CIVM). The CIVM is an NIH/NIBIB national Biomedical Technology Resource Center with a mission to develop novel technologies for preclinical imaging (basic sciences) and apply the technologies to critical biomedical questions. Dr. Johnson was one of the first researchers to bring Paul Lauterbur's vision of magnetic resona
Barbara Levine University Distinguished Professor
My clinical interests are the multi-modality care of patients with bone and soft tissue sarcomas and developing new sarcoma therapies. My laboratory interests include utilizing mouse models of cancer to study cancer and radiation biology in order to develop new cancer therapies in the pre-clinical setting.
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