Upgrading and restructuring in the global apparel value chain: why China and Asia are outperforming Mexico and Central America
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This article uses the global value chain approach to analyse the upgrading trajectories of leading apparel exporters adapting to the end of textile and apparel quotas and the economic recession. These events have been coupled by the consolidation and reconfiguration of global supply chains. China has been the big winner while other Asian suppliers are expanding their roles, largely at the expense of regional suppliers. One key to Asia's competitive success vis-à-vis Mexico and Central America has been end market diversification. Regional trade agreements (NAFTA; DR-CAFTA) have provided the latter with preferential access to the US market and ties to brand manufacturers, but they also created a reliance on US exports and have hindered suppliers from developing regional linkages into textile production, apparel design and branding. Growing apparel demand in emerging Asian economies and a regionally integrated production network has allowed Chinese apparel suppliers to upgrade and expand global market share. Copyright © 2011 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1504/IJTLID.2011.041900
Publication InfoGereffi, Gary; & Frederick, Stacey (2011). Upgrading and restructuring in the global apparel value chain: why China and Asia are outperforming Mexico and Central America. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 4(1/2/3). 10.1504/IJTLID.2011.041900. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/16488.
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Professor Emeritus of Sociology
Gary Gereffi's major ongoing research projects are: (1) a book (co-authored with Frederick Mayer) on the uptake of the global value chain paradigm by major international organizations in the economic and social development arena; (2) a forthcoming co-edited volume with Valentina De Marchi and Eleonora Di Maria on Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation (Routledge, 2017); (3) work with the World Bank and the Inter-Ame