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A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task Duell, N Icenogle, G Silva, K Chein, J Steinberg, L Banich, MT Di Guinta, L Dodge, KA Fanti, KA Lansford, JE Oburu, P Pastorelli, C Skinner, AT Sorbring, E Tapanya, S Uribe Tirado, LM Alampay, LP Al-Hassan, SM Takash, HMS Bacchini, D Chang, L Chaudhary, N 2018-04-06T15:42:03Z 2018-04-06T15:42:03Z 2018-07-01
dc.identifier.issn 0885-2014
dc.description.abstract © 2018 Elsevier Inc. The authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included “equal” and “unequal” blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartof Cognitive Development
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.02.003
dc.title A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task
dc.type Journal article Dodge, KA|0079828 Lansford, JE|0047768 Skinner, AT|0283718 2018-04-06T15:42:02Z
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Accepted
pubs.volume 47
duke.contributor.orcid Dodge, KA|0000-0001-5932-215X
duke.contributor.orcid Lansford, JE|0000-0003-1956-4917

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