Show simple item record Lawrence, C. Marie 2010-01-15T16:47:02Z 2010-01-15T16:47:02Z 2009-12
dc.description 2009 Honors Thesis in the Department of Public Policy Studies en_US
dc.description.abstract Problem | This project explores the possible role of competition from chain pharmacies in the lack of access to healthy foods in low-income neighborhoods by seeking to answer the question, “How and to what extent is the prevalence of chain pharmacies related to the prevalence of food stores in New York City?” Since any competition for commercial space between chain pharmacies and food stores should be greatest in low-income neighborhoods, and, in addition, should center on medium-sized food stores as opposed to small or large food stores, the correlation between pharmacy space and food store space should be more negative in low-income neighborhoods and for medium-sized food stores. Methodology | This project uses a dataset of all food retailers in NYC provided by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets and compares the results from three multiple linear regression models relating chain pharmacy space to small- (Y1), medium- (Y2), and large-size (Y3) food store space across three community income levels. Results | As pharmacy space increased by 1 sqft/capita, small food store space in high-income neighborhoods increases by 0.55 sqft/capita (p<0.000). There was no significant relationship between pharmacy space and small food store space in low- or middle-income neighborhoods at the p=0.05 level. As pharmacy space increased by 1 sqft/capita, medium-sized food store space increased by 0.24 sqft/capita (p=0.001). This positive relationship did not vary across community income levels. As pharmacy space increased by 1 sqft/capita, large food store space increased by 0.45 sqft/capita (p=0.039). Again, this relationship did not vary across community income levels. Conclusion | The findings did not support the study hypothesis that the presence of chain pharmacies contributes to the creation of food deserts in New York City. en_US
dc.format.extent 713444 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject food desert en_US
dc.subject supermarket en_US
dc.subject drugstore en_US
dc.subject public health en_US
dc.title Do Drugstores Contribute to Urban Food Deserts? en_US
dc.department Public Policy Studies en_US

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