Analysis of High-Temperature Solar Selective Coating
Abundant and widely available solar energy is one possible solution to the increasing demands for clean energy. The Thermodynamics and Sustainable Energy Laboratory (T-SEL) in Duke University has been dedicated to investigating methods to harness solar energy. Hybrid Solar System (HSS) is one of the promising methods to use solar energy, as it absorbs sunlight to produce hydrogen, which then can electrically power equipment through fuel cells. Hydrogen is produced through a biofuel reforming process, which occurs at a high temperature (over 700℃ for methane). Methods to design a high-temperature solar selective coating are investigated in this thesis.
The solar irradiance spectrum was assumed to be the same as Air Mass (AM) 1.5. A transfer-matrix method was adopted in this work to calculate the optical properties of the NREL #6, a design of nine-layer solar selective coating. Based on the design of NREL #6 coating, Differential Evolution (DE) algorithm was introduced to optimize this design. Two objective functions were considered: selectivity-oriented function and efficiency-oriented function, yielding the design of Revision #1 and Revision #2 respectively. The results showed a high selectivity (around 13) with low efficiency (66.6%) in Revision #1 and a high efficiency (82.6%) with moderate selectivity (around 9) in Revision #2.
matrix transfer method
solar selective coating
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