Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries
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© 2018, The Author(s) 2018. This study examined longitudinal links between household income and parents’ education and children’s trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behaviors from age 8 to 10 reported by mothers, fathers, and children. Longitudinal data from 1,190 families in 11 cultural groups in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and United States) were included. Multigroup structural equation models revealed that household income, but not maternal or paternal education, was related to trajectories of mother-, father-, and child-reported internalizing and externalizing problems in each of the 11 cultural groups. Our findings highlight that in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, socioeconomic risk is related to children’s internalizing and externalizing problems, extending the international focus beyond children’s physical health to their emotional and behavioral development.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1177/0165025418783272
Publication InfoDodge, Kenneth A; Lansford, Jennifer; Malone, Patrick S; Tapanya, Sombat; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Zelli, Arnaldo; ... Steinberg, Laurence (2018). Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. International Journal of Behavioral Development. pp. 016502541878327-016502541878327. 10.1177/0165025418783272. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17388.
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Pritzker Professor of Early Learning Policy Studies
Kenneth A. Dodge is the Pritzker Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. He is also the founding and past director of the Center for Child and Family Policy. He is a leading scholar in the development and prevention of aggressive and violent behaviors. His work provides a model for understanding how some young children grow up to engage in aggression and violence and provides a fram