Preliminary perspectives on DNA collection in anti-human trafficking efforts.
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Forensic DNA methodologies have potential applications in the investigation of human trafficking cases. DNA and relationship testing may be useful for confirmation of biological relationship claims in immigration, identification of trafficked individuals who are missing persons, and family reunification of displaced individuals after mass disasters and conflicts. As these applications rely on the collection of DNA from non-criminals and potentially vulnerable individuals, questions arise as to how to address the ethical challenges of collection, security, and privacy of collected samples and DNA profiles. We administered a survey targeted to victims' advocates to gain preliminary understanding of perspectives regarding human trafficking definitions, DNA and sex workers, and perceived trust of authorities potentially involved in DNA collection. We asked respondents to consider the use of DNA for investigating adoption fraud, sex trafficking, and post-conflict child soldier cases. We found some key differences in perspectives on defining what qualifies as "trafficking." When we varied terminology between "sex worker" and "sex trafficking victim" we detected differences in perception on which authorities can be trusted. Respondents were supportive of the hypothetical models proposed to collect DNA. Most were favorable of DNA specimens being controlled by an authority outside of law enforcement. Participants voiced concerns focused on privacy, misuse of DNA samples and data, unintentional harms, data security, and infrastructure. These preliminary data indicate that while there is perceived value in programs to use DNA for investigating cases of human trafficking, these programs may need to consider levels of trust in authorities as their logistics are developed and implemented.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.2174/2352092209666150216122234
Publication InfoChandrasekharan, Subhashini; Katsanis, Sara; Kim, Joyce; Minear, Mollie; & Wagner, Jennifer K (2014). Preliminary perspectives on DNA collection in anti-human trafficking efforts. Recent advances in DNA & gene sequences, 8(2). pp. 78-90. 10.2174/2352092209666150216122234. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17566.
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Assistant Research Professor of Global Health
Instructor in the Duke Initiative for Science & Society
Sara Huston Katsanis is faculty instructor in the Initiative for Science & Society at Duke University. Her policy research focuses on genetic testing applications in humanitarian efforts, medicine and law enforcement. She researches ethical and policy challenges in the applications of genomics to human identification in contexts, such as human trafficking, migration, and adoption fraud. Past research explored direct-­to-­consumer genetic testing, pharmacogeneti
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