The biogeochemistry of carbon across a gradient of streams and rivers within the Congo Basin
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Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and inorganic carbon (DIC, pCO2), lignin biomarkers, and theoptical properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were measured in a gradient of streams and rivers within the Congo Basin, with the aim of examining how vegetation cover and hydrology influences the composition and concentration of fluvial carbon (C). Three sampling campaigns (February 2010, November 2010, and August 2011) spanning 56 sites are compared by subbasin watershed land cover type (savannah, tropical forest, and swamp) and hydrologic regime (high, intermediate, and low). Land cover properties predominately controlled the amount and quality of DOC, chromophoric DOM (CDOM) and lignin phenol concentrations (8) exported in streams and rivers throughout the Congo Basin. Higher DIC concentrations and changing DOM composition (lower molecular weight, less aromatic C) during periods of low hydrologic flow indicated shifting rapid overland supply pathways in wet conditions to deeper groundwater inputs during drier periods. Lower DOC concentrations in forest and swamp subbasins were apparent with increasing catchment area, indicating enhanced DOC loss with extended water residence time. Surface water pCO2in savannah and tropical forest catchments ranged between 2,600 and 11,922 μatm, with swamp regions exhibiting extremely high pCO2(10,598-15,802 μatm), highlighting their potential as significant pathways for water-air efflux. Our data suggest that the quantity and quality of DOM exported to streams and rivers are largely driven by terrestrial ecosystem structure and that anthropogenic land use or climate change may impact fluvial C composition and reactivity, with ramifications for regional C budgets and future climate scenarios. Key Points Vegetation cover predominately controls fluvial C concentration and composition Small streams (20 m wide) and wetlands are significant sources of aquatic CO2Changing vegetation cover, or hydrologic conditions impact regional carbon budgets ©2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
SubjectScience & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dissolved organic matter
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1002/2013JG002442
Publication InfoPoulsen, John; Mann, PJ; Spencer, RGM; Dinga, BJ; Hernes, PJ; Fiske, G; ... Holmes, RM (2014). The biogeochemistry of carbon across a gradient of streams and rivers within the Congo Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 119(4). pp. 687-702. 10.1002/2013JG002442. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17630.
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Assitant Professor of Tropical Ecology in the Environmental Sciences and Policy Division
John Poulsen is an ecologist with broad interests in the maintenance and regeneration of tropical forests and conservation of biodiversity. His research has focused on the effects of anthropogenic disturbance, such as logging and hunting, on forest structure and diversity, abundance of tropical animals, and ecological processes. He has conducted most of his research in Central Africa, where he has also worked as a conservation manager, directing projects to sustainably manage natural resources i
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