Association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha promoter variants with risk of HPV-associated oral squamous cell carcinoma.
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Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) plays an important role in inflammation, immunity, and defense against infection and clearance of human papillomavirus (HPV). Thus, genetic variants may modulate individual susceptibility to HPV-associated oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).In this study we genotyped four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TNF-α promoter [ -308G > A(rs1800629), -857C > T (rs1799724), -863C > A (rs1800630), and -1031T > C (rs1799964)] and determined HPV16 serology in 325 OSCC cases and 335 matched controls and tumor HPV status in 176 squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx (SCCOP) patients. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).We found that HPV16 seropositivity alone was associated with an increased risk of OSCC (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 2.1-4.6), and such risk of HPV16-associated OSCC was modified by each SNP. Patients with both HPV16 seropositivity and variant genotypes for each SNP had the highest risk when using patients with HPV16 seronegativity and a wild-type genotype as a comparison group. Moreover, similar results were observed for the combined risk genotypes of four variants and all such significant associations were more pronounced in several subgroups, particularly in SCCOP patients and never smokers. Notably, the combined risk genotypes of four variants were also significantly associated with tumor HPV-positive SCCOP.Taken together, these results suggest that TNF-α SNPs may individually or, more likely, jointly affect individual susceptibility to HPV16-associated OSCC, particularly SCCOP and never smokers. Validation of our findings is warranted.
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Aged, 80 and over
Human papillomavirus 16
Promoter Regions, Genetic
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/1476-4598-12-80
Publication InfoWei, Qingyi; Jin, Lei; Sturgis, Erich M; Zhang, Yang; Huang, Zhigang; Song, Xicheng; ... Li, Guojun (2013). Association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha promoter variants with risk of HPV-associated oral squamous cell carcinoma. Molecular cancer, 12(1). pp. 80. 10.1186/1476-4598-12-80. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17996.
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Professor in Population Health Sciences
Qingyi Wei, MD, PhD, Professor in the Department of Medicine, is Associate Director for Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Co-leader of CCPS and Co-leader of Epidemiology and Population Genomics (Focus Area 1). He is a professor of Medicine and an internationally recognized epidemiologist focused on the molecular and genetic epidemiology of head and neck cancers, lung cancer, and melanoma. His research focuses on biomarkers and genetic determinants for the DNA repair deficient phenotype and