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Dietary Patterns Associated with Cognitive Function among the Older People in Underdeveloped Regions: Finding from the NCDFaC Study.

dc.contributor.author Kraus, Virginia
dc.contributor.author Yin, Zhaoxue
dc.contributor.author Chen, Jing
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Jian
dc.contributor.author Ren, Zeping
dc.contributor.author Dong, Kui
dc.contributor.author Wang, Zhuoqun
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Mei
dc.contributor.author Zhai, Yi
dc.contributor.author Song, Pengkun
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Yanfang
dc.contributor.author Pang, Shaojie
dc.contributor.author Mi, Shengquan
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Wenhua
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-02T15:30:17Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-02T15:30:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-09
dc.identifier nu10040464
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18047
dc.description.abstract Although dietary patterns are crucial to cognitive function, associations of dietary patterns with cognitive function have not yet been fully understood. This cross-sectional study explored dietary patterns associated with cognitive function among the older adults in underdeveloped regions, using 1504 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and over. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h dietary recall. Factor analysis was used to extract dietary patterns. Global cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Two dietary patterns, a "mushroom, vegetable, and fruits" (MVF) pattern and a "meat and soybean products" (MS) pattern, were identified. The MVF pattern, characterized by high consumption of mushrooms, vegetables, and fruits was significantly positively associated with cognitive function (p < 0.05), with an odds ratio of (95% CIs) 0.60 (0.38, 0.94) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.15 (0.02, 0.29) for -log (31-MMSE score). The MS pattern, characterized by high consumption of soybean products and meat, was also associated with better cognitive function, with an odds ratio of 0.47 (95% CIs 0.30, 0.74) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.34 (0.21, 0.47) for -log (31-MMSE score). Our results suggested that both the MVF and MS patterns were positively associated with better cognitive function among older adults in underdeveloped regions.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartof Nutrients
dc.relation.isversionof 10.3390/nu10040464
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Fruit
dc.subject Vegetables
dc.subject Diet Surveys
dc.subject Linear Models
dc.subject Logistic Models
dc.subject Odds Ratio
dc.subject Risk Factors
dc.subject Chi-Square Distribution
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject Feeding Behavior
dc.subject Cognition
dc.subject Cognition Disorders
dc.subject Age Factors
dc.subject Nutritional Status
dc.subject Eating
dc.subject Meat
dc.subject Soy Foods
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject China
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Protective Factors
dc.subject Cognitive Aging
dc.subject Healthy Diet
dc.subject Mental Status and Dementia Tests
dc.title Dietary Patterns Associated with Cognitive Function among the Older People in Underdeveloped Regions: Finding from the NCDFaC Study.
dc.type Journal article
dc.date.updated 2019-02-02T15:30:15Z
pubs.begin-page 464
pubs.end-page 464
pubs.issue 4
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Molecular Physiology Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Orthopaedics
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Pathology
pubs.organisational-group Medicine, Rheumatology and Immunology
pubs.organisational-group Medicine
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 10


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