Protein Phosphatase 1α and Cofilin Regulate Nuclear Translocation of NF-κB and Promote Expression of the Anti-Inflammatory Cytokine Interleukin-10 by T Cells.
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While several protein serine/threonine kinases control cytokine production by T cells, the roles of serine/threonine phosphatases are largely unexplored. Here, we analyzed the involvement of protein phosphatase 1α (PP1α) in cytokine synthesis following costimulation of primary human T cells. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of PP1α (PP1KD) or expression of a dominant negative PP1α (D95N-PP1) drastically diminished interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. Focusing on a key transcriptional activator of human IL-10, we demonstrate that nuclear translocation of NF-κB was significantly inhibited in PP1KD or D95N-PP1 cells. Interestingly, knockdown of cofilin, a known substrate of PP1 containing a nuclear localization signal, also prevented nuclear accumulation of NF-κB. Expression of a constitutively active nonphosphorylatable S3A-cofilin in D95N-PP1 cells restored nuclear translocation of NF-κB and IL-10 expression. Subpopulation analysis revealed that defective nuclear translocation of NF-κB was most prominent in CD4+ CD45RA- CXCR3- T cells that included IL-10-producing TH2 cells. Together these findings reveal novel functions for PP1α and its substrate cofilin in T cells namely the regulation of the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and promotion of IL-10 production. These data suggest that stimulation of PP1α could limit the overwhelming immune responses seen in chronic inflammatory diseases.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1128/mcb.00041-18
Publication InfoShenolikar, Shirish; Wabnitz, Guido H; Kirchgessner, Henning; Jahraus, Beate; Umansky, Ludmila; & Samstag, Yvonne (2018). Protein Phosphatase 1α and Cofilin Regulate Nuclear Translocation of NF-κB and Promote Expression of the Anti-Inflammatory Cytokine Interleukin-10 by T Cells. Molecular and cellular biology, 38(22). 10.1128/mcb.00041-18. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18122.
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Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Protein phosphorylation controls a wide range of physiological processes in mammalian tissues. Phosphorylation state of cellular proteins is controlled by the opposing actions of protein kinases and phosphatases that are regulated by hormones, neurotransmitters, growth factors and other environmental cues. Our research attempts to understand the communication between protein kinases and phosphatases that dictates cellular protein phosphorylation and the cell's response to hormones. Over the