||The nomination and confirmation processes for filling vacancies on the Supreme Court
of the United States are a controversial and misunderstood governmental procedure.
Statistically presidents have enjoyed success when appointing members of the Court,
but it is the appointment process that has been under considerable pressure despite
high confirmation rates. The length of time between naming a nomination and senatorial
action varies greatly depending on several significant variables that contribute to
a politically polarized process. To understand the entirety of the confirmation processes,
both a quantitative analysis and case study approach were taken to explain the political
incentives that dictate the proceedings of Supreme Court nominations. I find that
the condition of divided government, an increased ideological distance between the
president and senate majority party, and the nature of a vacancy being a critical
nomination all contribute to an extended confirmation process. These results are seen
across decades of nominations as I took data beginning in the Post-Civil War 1866
nomination of Henry Stanbery and ended with the 2018 nomination of Justice Brett Kavanaugh.
This suggests important considerations for the way in which we should analyze and
view confirmation processes – not by the end result but by the complete procedure.