Traditional medicine practices among community members with diabetes mellitus in Northern Tanzania: an ethnomedical survey.
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Diabetes is a growing burden in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicines (TMs) remain a primary form of healthcare in many settings. In Tanzania, TMs are frequently used to treat non-communicable diseases, yet little is known about TM practices for non-communicable diseases like diabetes.Between December 2013 and June 2014, we assessed TM practices, including types, frequencies, reasons, and modes, among randomly selected community members. To further characterize TMs relevant for the local treatment of diabetes, we also conducted focus groups and semi-structured interviews with key informants.We enrolled 481 adults of whom 45 (9.4 %) had diabetes. The prevalence of TM use among individuals with diabetes was 77.1 % (95 % CI 58.5-89.0 %), and the prevalence of using TMs and biomedicines concurrently was 37.6 % (95 % CI 20.5-58.4 %). Many were using TMs specifically to treat diabetes (40.3 %; 95 % CI 20.5-63.9), and individuals with diabetes reported seeking healthcare from traditional healers, elders, family, friends, and herbal vendors. We identified several plant-based TMs used toward diabetes care: Moringa oleifera, Cymbopogon citrullus, Hagenia abyssinica, Aloe vera, Clausena anisata, Cajanus cajan, Artimisia afra, and Persea americana.TMs were commonly used for diabetes care in northern Tanzania. Individuals with diabetes sought healthcare advice from many sources, and several individuals used TMs and biomedicines together. The TMs commonly used by individuals with diabetes in northern Tanzania have a wide range of effects, and understanding them will more effectively shape biomedical practitices and public health policies that are patient-centered and sensitive to TM preferences.
SubjectComprehensive Kidney Disease Assessment For Risk factors, epidemiology, Knowledge, and Attitudes (CKD AFRiKA) Study
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/s12906-016-1262-2
Publication InfoStanifer, John; Patel, Uptal; Boyd, David; Lunyera, Joseph; Wang, Daphne; Maro, Venance; ... Omolo, Justin (2016). Traditional medicine practices among community members with diabetes mellitus in Northern Tanzania: an ethnomedical survey. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 16(1). pp. 282. 10.1186/s12906-016-1262-2. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18546.
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Hymowitz Family Professor of the Practice in Global Health
I am an in-training physician-scientist with expertise in clinical epidemiology and health policy. My life-long desire is to advance our understanding of etiologic mechanisms of kidney disease, and to advocate for policies that promote the highest quality care for individuals with kidney disease. Specifically, I am interested in delineating mechanisms by which socio-environmental exposures might increase risk for adverse kidney outcomes such as chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury
Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine
Uptal Patel, MD is an Adjunct Professor interested in population health with a broad range of clinical and research experience. As an adult and pediatric nephrologist with training in health services and epidemiology, his work seeks to improve population health for patients with kidney diseases through improvements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Prior efforts focused on four inter-related areas that are essential to improving kidney health: i) reducing the progressi
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
John W. Stanifer, MD, MSc-GH, is a nephrologist and clinical researcher with a focus on using translational and trans-disciplinary methods to uncover mechanisms of global health disparities in kidney disease. John completed his residency training in internal medicine and global health at Duke, completing the Master of Science in Global Health program in 2014. He also completed his sub-specialty training in nephrology at Duke, and during that time, he also completed a fellowship in c
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