Stroke in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease.
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Background and Purpose- Predictors of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are poorly understood. The primary aims of this analysis were to (1) determine the incidence of ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke and TIA in patients with symptomatic PAD, (2) identify predictors of stroke in patients with PAD, and (3) compare the rate of stroke in ticagrelor- and clopidogrel-treated patients. Methods- EUCLID (Examining Use of Ticagrelor in Peripheral Artery Disease) randomized 13 885 patients with symptomatic PAD to receive monotherapy with ticagrelor or clopidogrel for the prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke). Ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke and TIA were adjudicated and measured as incidence rates postrandomization and cumulative incidence (per patient-years). Post hoc multivariable competing risk hazards analyses were performed using baseline characteristics to determine factors associated with all-cause stroke in patients with PAD. Results- A total of 458 cerebrovascular events in 424 patients (317 ischemic strokes, 39 hemorrhagic strokes, and 102 TIAs) occurred over a median follow-up of 30 months, for a cumulative incidence of 0.87, 0.11, and 0.27 per 100 patient-years, respectively. Age, prior stroke, prior atrial fibrillation/flutter, diabetes mellitus, geographic region, ankle-brachial index <0.60, prior amputation, and systolic blood pressure were independent baseline factors associated with the occurrence of all-cause stroke. After adjustment for baseline factors, the rates of ischemic stroke and all-cause stroke remained lower in patients treated with ticagrelor as compared with those receiving clopidogrel. There was no significant difference in the incidence of hemorrhagic stroke or TIA between the 2 treatment groups. Conclusions- In patients with symptomatic PAD, ischemic stroke and TIA occur frequently over time. Comorbidities such as age, prior stroke, prior atrial fibrillation/flutter, diabetes mellitus, higher blood pressure, prior amputation, lower ankle-brachial index, and geographic region were each independently associated with the occurrence of all-cause stroke. Use of ticagrelor, as compared with clopidogrel, was associated with a lower adjusted rate of ischemic and all-cause stroke. Further study is needed to optimize medical management and risk reduction of all-cause stroke in patients with PAD. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01732822.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1161/strokeaha.118.023534
Publication InfoKolls, Brad J; Sapp, Shelly; Rockhold, Frank W; Jordan, J Dedrick; Dombrowski, Keith E; Fowkes, F Gerry R; ... Patel, Manesh R (2019). Stroke in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease. Stroke. pp. STROKEAHA118023534. 10.1161/strokeaha.118.023534. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18590.
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Assistant Professor of Neurology
Associate Professor of Medicine
I am an interventional cardiologist with a specific focus on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with vascular disease, and I perform coronary and peripheral angiography and interventions. I have a broad background in cardiovascular site-based research, multicenter clinical trials, clinical event classification, and observational analyses. Currently, I am helping to lead a Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) effort to coordinate a multinational, multicenter randomized clinical tria
Associate Professor of Neurology
I am a neurointensivist with a primary focus on taking care of patients with acute neurological illness in the neuroscience intensive care unit. The most common diagnoses that I manage include traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraparenchymal hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, status epileptics, acute neuromuscular weakness, and general critical care. My research interests include the optimization of medication dosing in patients with acute neurological illness by studying the effect o
Associate Professor of Neurology
As a neurointensivist, I am interested in improving our ability to monitor brain function and impact of therapy on our patients in the critical care setting. To this end I am developing new approaches to patient monitoring that will integrate patient physiologic monitoring with brain activity recorded by electroencephalography (EEG). On the basic science side I am interested in the central nervous system's response to injury. Although much attention has been focused on closed head injury as
Professor of Medicine
Manesh Patel is the Chief of the Division of Cardiology and the Division of Clinical Pharmacology. His clinical interests include diagnostic and interventional coronary angiography, peripheral angiography and endovascular intervention. His is involved in several clinical trials involving patients with cardiovascular disease and in cardiac imaging. He is also the Chair of the American College of Cardiology Task Force for Appropriate Use Criteria for Cardiovascular Procedures and
Professor of Biostatistics & Bioinformatics
Frank is a fulltime Professor of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics at Duke University Medical Center, Affiliate Professor of Biostatistics at Virginia Commonwealth University, and Managing Partner of HunterRockhold, Inc. His 40+-year career includes senior research positions at Lilly, Merck, and GlaxoSmithKline, where he retired as Chief Safety Officer and Senior Vice President of Global Clinical Safety and Pharmacovigilance. He has held faculty appointments at six different
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