Evaluating the best available social science for natural resource management decision-making
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© 2017 Increasing recognition of the human dimensions of natural resource management issues, and of social and ecological sustainability and resilience as being inter-related, highlights the importance of applying social science to natural resource management decision-making. Moreover, a number of laws and regulations require natural resource management agencies to consider the “best available science” (BAS) when making decisions, including social science. Yet rarely do these laws and regulations define or identify standards for BAS, and those who have tried to fill the gap have done so from the standpoint of best available natural science. This paper proposes evaluative criteria for best available social science (BASS), explaining why a broader set of criteria than those used for natural science is needed. Although the natural and social sciences share many of the same evaluative criteria for BAS, they also exhibit some differences, especially where qualitative social science is concerned. Thus we argue that the evaluative criteria for BAS should expand to include those associated with diverse social science disciplines, particularly the qualitative social sciences. We provide one example from the USA of how a federal agency − the U.S. Forest Service − has attempted to incorporate BASS in responding to its BAS mandate associated with the national forest planning process, drawing on different types of scientific information and in light of these criteria. Greater attention to including BASS in natural resource management decision-making can contribute to better, more equitable, and more defensible management decisions and policies.
SubjectScience & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Best available science
Qualitative social science
US Forest Service
ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT
TRADITIONAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.envsci.2017.04.002
Publication InfoCharnley, S; Carothers, C; Satterfield, T; Levine, A; Poe, MR; Norman, K; ... St. Martin, K (2017). Evaluating the best available social science for natural resource management decision-making. Environmental Science and Policy, 73. pp. 80-88. 10.1016/j.envsci.2017.04.002. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18608.
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Associate Professor of Sustainability Science
I am interested in the fundamental question of how groups (human and non-human) can find ways to self-organize, cooperate, and engage in successful collective action for the benefit of the common good. To do this I strive to understand how the institutions (formal and informal rules and norms) that govern social behavior, interplay with biophysical variables to shape social-ecological systems. What kind of institutions are better able to govern complex-adaptive systems? and how can societies (la
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