Show simple item record

Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally.

dc.contributor.author Basurto, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Gill, David
dc.contributor.author Mascia, Michael B
dc.contributor.author Ahmadia, Gabby N
dc.contributor.author Glew, Louise
dc.contributor.author Lester, Sarah E
dc.contributor.author Barnes, Megan
dc.contributor.author Craigie, Ian
dc.contributor.author Darling, Emily S
dc.contributor.author Free, Christopher M
dc.contributor.author Geldmann, Jonas
dc.contributor.author Holst, Susie
dc.contributor.author Jensen, Olaf P
dc.contributor.author White, Alan T
dc.contributor.author Coad, Lauren
dc.contributor.author Gates, Ruth D
dc.contributor.author Guannel, Greg
dc.contributor.author Mumby, Peter J
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Hannah
dc.contributor.author Whitmee, Sarah
dc.contributor.author Woodley, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Fox, Helen E
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-01T15:18:28Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-01T15:18:28Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-22
dc.identifier nature21708
dc.identifier.issn 0028-0836
dc.identifier.issn 1476-4687
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18610
dc.description.abstract Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly being used globally to conserve marine resources. However, whether many MPAs are being effectively and equitably managed, and how MPA management influences substantive outcomes remain unknown. We developed a global database of management and fish population data (433 and 218 MPAs, respectively) to assess: MPA management processes; the effects of MPAs on fish populations; and relationships between management processes and ecological effects. Here we report that many MPAs failed to meet thresholds for effective and equitable management processes, with widespread shortfalls in staff and financial resources. Although 71% of MPAs positively influenced fish populations, these conservation impacts were highly variable. Staff and budget capacity were the strongest predictors of conservation impact: MPAs with adequate staff capacity had ecological effects 2.9 times greater than MPAs with inadequate capacity. Thus, continued global expansion of MPAs without adequate investment in human and financial capacity is likely to lead to sub-optimal conservation outcomes.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartof Nature
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1038/nature21708
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Fishes
dc.subject Goals
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Biomass
dc.subject Population Dynamics
dc.subject Internationality
dc.subject Aquatic Organisms
dc.title Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally.
dc.type Journal article
dc.date.updated 2019-06-01T15:18:24Z
pubs.begin-page 665
pubs.end-page 669
pubs.issue 7647
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Marine Science and Conservation
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 543
duke.contributor.orcid Gill, David|0000-0002-7550-1761


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record