||<p>This dissertation explores questions in political economy and in development</p><p>economics.
I ask and answer two research questions.</p><p>First, I look at whether peaceful or
violent protests are more effective at</p><p>steering policy change. I study this
question in the context of the US Civil</p><p>Rights Era, and evaluate the effects
of protests on legislator votes in the</p><p>US House. I use a fixed-effects specification,
and find that peaceful protests</p><p>caused a liberal shift and therefore were effective
from the point of view of</p><p>the Civil Rights Movement but violent protests caused
a conservative shift</p><p>and therefore backfired.</p><p>Second, I look at whether
the structure of social networks in rural West-</p><p>ern Kenya is affected by a large
development intervention. In joint work with</p><p>Robert Garlick and Kate Orkin,
we evaluate the effects of a large unconditional</p><p>cash transfer and a psychological
intervention. We cross-randomize</p><p>villages into these two interventions, and
measure household interactions in</p><p>four types of networks: talking about goals,
talking about challenges, giving</p><p>money or goods, and receiving money or goods.
We estimate effects on total</p><p>link counts, measures of homophily, and measures
of link intensity.</p>