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Essays in Political Economy and Development Economics

dc.contributor.advisor Bayer, Patrick
dc.contributor.advisor Garlick, Robert Nyeki, Gabor 2019-06-07T19:49:42Z 2019
dc.description Dissertation
dc.description.abstract <p>This dissertation explores questions in political economy and in development</p><p>economics. I ask and answer two research questions.</p><p>First, I look at whether peaceful or violent protests are more effective at</p><p>steering policy change. I study this question in the context of the US Civil</p><p>Rights Era, and evaluate the effects of protests on legislator votes in the</p><p>US House. I use a fixed-effects specification, and find that peaceful protests</p><p>caused a liberal shift and therefore were effective from the point of view of</p><p>the Civil Rights Movement but violent protests caused a conservative shift</p><p>and therefore backfired.</p><p>Second, I look at whether the structure of social networks in rural West-</p><p>ern Kenya is affected by a large development intervention. In joint work with</p><p>Robert Garlick and Kate Orkin, we evaluate the effects of a large unconditional</p><p>cash transfer and a psychological intervention. We cross-randomize</p><p>villages into these two interventions, and measure household interactions in</p><p>four types of networks: talking about goals, talking about challenges, giving</p><p>money or goods, and receiving money or goods. We estimate effects on total</p><p>link counts, measures of homophily, and measures of link intensity.</p>
dc.subject Economics
dc.title Essays in Political Economy and Development Economics
dc.type Dissertation
dc.department Economics
duke.embargo.months 23
duke.embargo.release 2021-05-21T00:00:00Z

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