The effectiveness of context before, after, and around a missing word
The probability of correctly guessing a missing word was measured using lour different kinds of context: all words before the missing word (forward context), all words after the missing word (backward context), all words before and the one word after the missing word (surround context), and just the one word after the missing word. The probability of correctly guessing a missing word was greater with the forward than with the backward context. The probability of guessing correctly with the surround context was much greater than would be predicted from the independent combination of its forward and one word after components. The results provide evidence that expectations are formed continuously during comprehension, but not in a strict word-by-word order. Implications for information theory are noted. © 1976 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.3758/BF03204230
Publication InfoRubin, DC (1976). The effectiveness of context before, after, and around a missing word. Perception & Psychophysics, 19(2). pp. 214-216. 10.3758/BF03204230. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18973.
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Juanita M. Kreps Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
For .pdfs of all publications click here My main research interest has been in long-term memory, especially for complex (or "real-world") stimuli. This work includes the study of autobiographical memory