First-order approximation to English, second-order approximation to English, and orthographic neighbor ratio norms for 925 nouns
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First- and second-order approximations to English and orthographic neighbor ratio values are provided for Paivio, Yuille, and Madigan's (1968) 925 nouns. First- and second-order approximations to English are information theory measures of the probability of generating a word on a letter-by-letter basis. The orthographic neighbor ratio is the frequency of a word divided by the sum of the frequencies of all words that can be generated by changing one of its letters. Thus, the orthographic neighbor ratio provides a measure of a sophisticated guessing model in which partial information about a word is obtained and a decision is made on the basis of the relative frequencies of the possible responses. Correlations with existing norms are reported. © 1981 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.3758/BF03207956
Publication InfoRubin, David (1981). First-order approximation to English, second-order approximation to English, and orthographic neighbor ratio norms for 925 nouns. Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation, 13(6). pp. 713-721. 10.3758/BF03207956. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18986.
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Juanita M. Kreps Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
For .pdfs of all publications click here My main research interest has been in long-term memory, especially for complex (or "real-world") stimuli. This work includes the study of autobiographical memory