First-order approximation to English, second-order approximation to English, and orthographic neighbor ratio norms for 925 nouns
First- and second-order approximations to English and orthographic neighbor ratio values are provided for Paivio, Yuille, and Madigan's (1968) 925 nouns. First- and second-order approximations to English are information theory measures of the probability of generating a word on a letter-by-letter basis. The orthographic neighbor ratio is the frequency of a word divided by the sum of the frequencies of all words that can be generated by changing one of its letters. Thus, the orthographic neighbor ratio provides a measure of a sophisticated guessing model in which partial information about a word is obtained and a decision is made on the basis of the relative frequencies of the possible responses. Correlations with existing norms are reported. © 1981 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.3758/BF03207956
Publication InfoRubin, DC (1981). First-order approximation to English, second-order approximation to English, and orthographic neighbor ratio norms for 925 nouns. Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation, 13(6). pp. 713-721. 10.3758/BF03207956. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/18986.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
More InfoShow full item record
Juanita M. Kreps Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
For .pdfs of all publications click here My main research interest has been in long-term memory, especially for complex (or "real-world") stimuli. This work includes the study of autobiographical memory