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Narrative centrality and negative affectivity: Independent and interactive contributors to stress reactions

dc.contributor.author Hoyle, Rick
dc.contributor.author Rubin, David
dc.contributor.author Boals, A
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-22T21:35:09Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-22T21:35:09Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.issn 0096-3445
dc.identifier.issn 1939-2222
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19025
dc.description.abstract Reactions to stressful negative events have long been studied using approaches based on either the narrative interpretation of the event or the traits of the individual. Here, we integrate these 2 approaches by using individual-differences measures of both the narrative interpretation of the stressful event as central to one's life and the personality characteristic of negative affectivity. We show that they each have independent contributions to stress reactions and that high levels on both produce greater than additive effects. The effects on posttraumatic stress symptoms are substantial for both undergraduates (Study 1, n = 2,296; Study 3, n = 488) and veterans (Study 2, n = 104), with mean levels for participants low on both measures near floor on posttraumatic stress symptoms and those high on both measures scoring at or above diagnostic thresholds. Study 3 included 3 measures of narrative centrality and 3 of negative affectivity to demonstrate that the effects were not limited to a single measure. In Study 4 (n = 987), measures associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress correlated substantially with either measures of narrative centrality or measures of negative affectivity. The concepts of narrative centrality and negative affectivity and the results are consistent with findings from clinical populations using similar measures and with current approaches to therapy. In broad nonclinical populations, such as those used here, the results suggest that we might be able to substantially increase our ability to account for the severity of stress response by including both concepts. © 2013 American Psychological Association.
dc.language en
dc.publisher American Psychological Association (APA)
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1037/a0035140
dc.title Narrative centrality and negative affectivity: Independent and interactive contributors to stress reactions
dc.type Journal article
dc.date.updated 2019-06-22T21:35:08Z
pubs.begin-page 1159
pubs.end-page 1170
pubs.issue 3
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 143


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