Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier: Understanding the glue that binds us all
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© 2016, The Author(s). This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics over the past decades and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on “Gluons and quark sea at high energies” at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them. It has been benefited profoundly from inputs by the users’ communities of BNL and JLab. This White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the US, established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.
SubjectScience & Technology
Physics, Particles & Fields
COLOR GLASS CONDENSATE
HARD EXCLUSIVE ELECTROPRODUCTION
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1140/epja/i2016-16268-9
Publication InfoMueller, Berndt; Gao, Haiyan; Accardi, A; Albacete, JL; Anselmino, M; Armesto, N; ... Zheng, L (2016). Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier: Understanding the glue that binds us all. European Physical Journal A, 52(9). 10.1140/epja/i2016-16268-9. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19103.
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Henry Newson Professor of Physics
Prof. Gao's research focuses on understanding the structure of the nucleon in terms of quark and gluon degrees of freedom of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), search for QCD exotics, and fundamental symmetry studies at low energy to search for new physics beyond the Standard Model of electroweak interactions. Most of her work utilizes the novel experimental technique of scattering polarized electrons or photons from polarized gas targets. Over the years, her group built a number of state-of-the-art
James B. Duke Professor of Physics
Prof. Mueller's work focuses on nuclear matter at extreme energy density. Quantum chromodynamics, the fundamental theory of nuclear forces, predicts that nuclear matter dissolves into quarks and gluons, the elementary constituents of protons and neutrons, when a critical density or temperature is exceeded. He and his collaborators are theoretically studying the properties of this "quark-gluon plasma", its formation, and its detection in high-energy nuclear collisions. His other research interest
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