Implementation of the NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy: A Survey of Athletic Staff and Student-athletes.
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OBJECTIVE:To describe the perspectives and experiences of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes approximately three years post-implementation of the NCAA sickle cell trait (SCT) screening policy. PARTICIPANTS:Two-hundred and eight student-athletes, 32 athletic trainers, and 43 coaches from 10 NCAA Division I (DI) institutions in North Carolina from January to June 2014. METHODS:Two online surveys were used to assess knowledge, perspectives, and experiences. RESULTS:Athletic staff were more supportive than student-athletes of the need for the policy. Noted challenges included variation in implementation and follow-up for SCT-positive athletes, financial costs to institutions and athletes, and timing of the screening. CONCLUSIONS:More education about SCT is needed for student-athletes and athletic staff in order to help make the implementation more successful. All parties need to be in agreement regarding the importance of knowing which student-athletes have SCT and how that information will be utilized.
Sickle cell trait
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.jnma.2018.03.004
Publication InfoRoyal, Charmaine; Baker, Charlotte; Powell, Jill; Le, Dominic; Creary, Melissa S; Daley, Lori-Ann; & McDonald, Mary Anne (2018). Implementation of the NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy: A Survey of Athletic Staff and Student-athletes. Journal of the National Medical Association, 110(6). pp. 564-573. 10.1016/j.jnma.2018.03.004. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19164.
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Associate Professor in the Department of African and African American Studies
Charmaine Royal is Associate Professor of African & African American Studies, Biology, Global Health, and Family Medicine & Community Health at Duke University. She also has appointments in the Duke Initiative for Science & Society, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Social Science Research Institute where she directs the Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference and the Center for Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation. Dr. Royal’s research, scholarshi