The Impact of Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Status on Physical Functioning Across the Life Course.
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Objective: We used the Physical Performance Across the LifeSpan Study to investigate the relationships of multiple indicators of socioeconomic status (SES), both in early life and late life, with physical function. Method: We examined associations between multiple early and late life SES indicators with physical function measured by aerobic endurance, gait speed, and lower body strength. Results: Higher participant education and household income were associated with increased physical function. In our age-stratified analysis, we observed widening SES disparities with increasing age among those in the two younger strata with lower SES associated with worse physical function. Finally, we observed an association between socioeconomic trend and gait speed, aerobic endurance, and lower body strength. There was also an association between lower aerobic endurance and being in a downward socioeconomic trend. Discussion: These findings highlight the significance of considering multiple dimensions of the social environment as important correlates of physical functioning across the life course.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1177/2333721418794021
Publication InfoCohen, Harvey; Newby, Laura; Morey, Miriam; Chanti-Ketterl, Marianne; Noppert, Grace A; Brown, Candace S; & Hall, Katherine S (2018). The Impact of Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Status on Physical Functioning Across the Life Course. Gerontology & geriatric medicine, 4. pp. 2333721418794021. 10.1177/2333721418794021. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19280.
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Medical Instructor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Dr. Chanti-Ketterl’s research is focused on identifying modifiable health and environmental factors which may impact brain health. In particular, she is interested in environmental chemicals such as pesticides and how these affect cognitive function in aging populations (e.g., Is the lifetime use of pesticides associated with lower cognitive function among older adults? Are particular pesticides associated with dementia?). Dr. Chanti-Ketterl is currently testing the use of silicone wristba
Professor of Medicine
Dr. Cohen's research program includes clinical research relating to aspects of the pathways to functional decline and reilience with aging, geriatric assessment, and cancer and anemia in the elderly. Pathways to functional decline are being explored through the NIA funded Claude Pepper Older Americans Independence Center, and includes studies of the contributions of age related physiologic change, in particular changes in inflammatory parameters, comorbid diseases and con
Professor in Medicine
The general focus of Dr. Morey's work is exercise and aging. All of her research examines how physical activity, exercise training, or physical fitness influence the physical functioning and/or pyschosocial quality of life of older adults. She directs a supervised hospital-based program for older adults, which is used to examine longitudinally the effects of exercise training on the musculoskeletal, articular, and cardiorespiratory systems. Furthermore, she has a number of studies that e
Professor of Medicine
Research Description General Focus: Clinical investigation the process and treatment of acute and chronic coronary artery disease and systems issues for delivery of care to patients with these illnesses. Particular interests include management of patients with chest pain and unstable angina, evaluation of the use of biochemical markers other than CK-MB for diagnosis and risk stratification in these patients, issues related to coronary artery disease in women, and systems issues
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