β-arrestin 1 regulates β2-adrenergic receptor-mediated skeletal muscle hypertrophy and contractility.
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BACKGROUND:β2-adrenergic receptors (β2ARs) are the target of catecholamines and play fundamental roles in cardiovascular, pulmonary, and skeletal muscle physiology. An important action of β2AR stimulation on skeletal muscle is anabolic growth, which has led to the use of agonists such as clenbuterol by athletes to enhance muscle performance. While previous work has demonstrated that β2ARs can engage distinct signaling and functional cascades mediated by either G proteins or the multifunctional adaptor protein, β-arrestin, the precise role of β-arrestin in skeletal muscle physiology is not known. Here, we tested the hypothesis that agonist activation of the β2AR by clenbuterol would engage β-arrestin as a key transducer of anabolic skeletal muscle growth. METHODS:The contractile force of isolated extensor digitorum longus muscle (EDL) and calcium signaling in isolated flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) fibers were examined from the wild-type (WT) and β-arrestin 1 knockout mice (βarr1KO) followed by chronic administration of clenbuterol (1 mg/kg/d). Hypertrophic responses including fiber composition and fiber size were examined by immunohistochemical imaging. We performed a targeted phosphoproteomic analysis on clenbuterol stimulated primary cultured myoblasts from WT and βarr1KO mice. Statistical significance was determined by using a two-way analysis with Sidak's or Tukey's multiple comparison test and the Student's t test. RESULTS:Chronic administration of clenbuterol to WT mice enhanced the contractile force of EDL muscle and calcium signaling in isolated FDB fibers. In contrast, when administered to βarr1KO mice, the effect of clenbuterol on contractile force and calcium influx was blunted. While clenbuterol-induced hypertrophic responses were observed in WT mice, this response was abrogated in mice lacking β-arrestin 1. In primary cultured myoblasts, clenbuterol-stimulated phosphorylation of multiple pro-hypertrophy proteins required the presence of β-arrestin 1. CONCLUSIONS:We have identified a previously unappreciated role for β-arrestin 1 in mediating β2AR-stimulated skeletal muscle growth and strength. We propose these findings could have important implications in the design of future pharmacologic agents aimed at reversing pathological conditions associated with skeletal muscle wasting.
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2
Muscle Fibers, Skeletal
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/s13395-018-0184-8
Publication InfoChen, Wei; Grotegut, Chad; Wisler, James; Mao, Lan; Rosenberg, Paul; Rockman, Howard; ... Chen, Minyong (2018). β-arrestin 1 regulates β2-adrenergic receptor-mediated skeletal muscle hypertrophy and contractility. Skeletal muscle, 8(1). pp. 39. 10.1186/s13395-018-0184-8. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19481.
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Associate Professor in Medicine
My general area of interest relates to how cancer develops and how to identify cancer therapeutic agents. In particular I hope to identify molecular signals that underlie the changes necessary for directing normal tissue to a malignant state in cancer. Therefore, I have been studying how extracellular signals are deciphered by seven trans-membrane receptors and their regulatory proteins to control cell proliferation and differentiation. My major research focuses on studying GPCR, Smoothe
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
James B. Duke Professor of Medicine
The focus of work in this laboratory is on the elucidation of the molecular properties and regulatory mechanisms controlling the function of G protein-coupled receptors. As model systems we utilize the so called adrenergic receptors for adrenaline and related molecules. The goal is to learn the general principles of signal transduction from the outside to the inside of the cell which are involved in systems as diverse as sensory perception, neuro- transmitter and hormonal signaling. Stud
Assistant Professor in Medicine
I. Research: As the director of mouse physiology laboratory, in charge for the all events related with Dr. Howard Rockman's molecular biology laboratory studies needs. Participate in research in rodents model: Perform surgery and serve as co-investigator in studies on transgenic mice with heart failure. Develop models of hypertrophy in small animal using micro-surgical techniques (aortic constriction, left ventricular infarction and abdominal aortocaval fistula) and perform
Edward S. Orgain Professor of Cardiology, in the School of Medicine
Rockman Lab: Molecular Mechanisms of Hypertrophy and Heart Failure Overall Research Direction: The major focus of this laboratory is to understand the molecular mechanisms of hypertrophy and heart failure. My laboratory uses a strategy that combines state of the art molecular techniques to generate transgenic and gene targeted mouse models, combined with sophisticated physiologic measures of in vivo cardiac function. In this manner, candidate molecules are either selectively
Associate Professor of Medicine
Medical Instructor in the Department of Medicine
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